12 years a slave by Solomon Northup is an account by the author on his personal story on how he, a free black man from the North, was abducted and sold as a slave in the pre-Civil War South. In the book we see that violence and the risk of violence gave the institution of slavery the power it possessed. It would make sense that a majority of the slaves chose to remain enslaved because they were scared of the violent acts that they would be faced with if they were apprehended in their act of escaping. Significantly, there were frequent controls that the slaves were exposed to, even the ones that did not attempt escaping. This is a discussion of how violence, both as threats and acts was the core of the institution of slavery and how it defined relationships between people.

It is baffling to why slavery, despite its inhuman forms, propagated for such a long time. From the beginning of their journey as slaves, the relationship between slave and owner was filled with fear on both sides. The fact that the slaves were often met with cruelty, is well-documented. Because in most cases a few slave owners supervised a large number of slaves they more often than note became paranoid. They starting becoming more aware of their position of vulnerability, as they would typically be reasonably removed on the plantation with the closest assistance being quite some distance away. This vulnerability often manifested itself not just in

paranoia but also in excessive acts of violence towards any perceived invasions on their authority and power. These overt acts of violence thus became acts of self-preservation and an excuse for the slave owners to issue brutal punishments and executions even for the basest of offences – unjustified rash violence. This mind set went on to be instilled in members of society as Northup notes “it is not the fault of the slaveholder that he is cruel, so much as it is the fault of the system under which he lives. He cannot withstand the influence of habit and associations that surround him”In the absence of the complicity of the slaves, which can be attributed to the great amount of violence doled out against them, it is very probable that the slavery system would not have been existing, or at least it would not have been present in such a long amount of time.  Violence was largely applied by slave owners as a means of stamping and keeping their own position. It is ironical that those appearing to hold the most authority completely relied on those who they were tasked with overseeing. The self-preservation that the slave owners that the slave owners sought by doling out extreme violence to their slave was also done for their profit. The slave owners were at the mercy of their slaves as by working the plantations, the slaves afforded their masters their livelihood as they toiled without receiving any financial gain in return except for their basic needs– offering labor at its bare cheapest. If the slave owner did not practice sheer cruelty on them, it is likely they would have been motivated to resist and therefore in so doing cost their owners their livelihood and jeopardize the initial investment that was placed on them during their purchase. Among the methods that could be applied in the resistance by the slaves may comprise treading the line between lethargy and apparent insubordination. Others may have included faked incomprehension, go-slows, feigned incomprehension and foot-dragging which could be applied in cutting the earnings of the masters. The application of violence by the slave masters in the context of slavery thus became a way through which they could physically and mentally subdue the slaves and make it clear to them that they were objects that the masters could use and do with them as they pleased.

The violence was executed through the use of chains and metal collars which were used to physically restrain slaves who proved to be violent. Additionally, some of the slaves had to endure the pain of having their owner’s initials burnt on their skin in an effort to show that they will belong to their owners for the course if their lifetime. Apart from the physical exertions of these brutal undertakings, these acts also took a mental toll on the slave. This was in addition to the public beating, whipping and murder of the slaves of the slaves attempted to escape, misbehave or didn’t happen to do as they were told.

On their part, the slaves also demonstrated violence through their acts of resistance. Their expressions of resistance were perceived to be rebellion against the whole system of slavery. The resistance, especially the violent resistance illustrated that the slaves did not simply accept their situation and instead they were strong and determined as they sought their freedom. Rebellion or uprising was the most bloody and dramatic way the slaves could resist their enslavement. Other acts involved robbing of the masters, destruction of machinery so that it was expensive to replace or that the machinery was completely put out of service.

De-layering includes separating the traditional pyramid setup into a level association.

De-layering includes separating the traditional pyramid setup into a level association. The fundamental goal of this sort of rebuilding is to disperse the top layer of inefficiency and generously compensated ‘cubicle’ staff. Generally companies have lessened the quantity of administration levels from ten to four in some of its work offices keeping in mind the end goal to enhance general efficiency. Hewlett Packard, then again, has de-layered to advance development, fabricate client closeness and increment purchaser fulfillment. The real preferred standpoint of de-layering is that the decision making process becomes shorter and more effective.

The design is to do a vital assessment of re-building, rebuilding, delayering and scaling back as a compelling administration worldview. To characterizes and portrays the contemporary key worldview of the re-designing, rebuilding, delayering and scaling down of organizations and companies and places this worldview inside its administration setting. To analyze and research this administration worldview, scrutinizing its presumptions of sanity and all-inclusiveness. Looks at association culture as a key possibility in the use of the worldview, and qualifies the worldview on the premise of diverse examination. Proposes how the worldview is defective, and remarks on the ramifications of its application for long haul corporate upper hand.

Cutting back was first acquainted as a technique with streamline, fix and therapist an association’s structure as for the quantity of individuals utilized. As cutting back turned out to be more predominant amid the late 1980s, the term was connected to a more extensive scope of administrative endeavors gone for enhancing a company’s execution (Gandolfi, 2009).

The cutting back writing depicts an overwhelmingly negative photo of the monetary advantages of scaling down and there is solid proof to recommend that an unadulterated scaling down technique is probably not going to be successful (Macky, 2004). Previously, such cutting back endeavors have been appeared to create bleak budgetary and monetary results (Burke and Greenglass, 2000). The human expenses of cutting back are extensive (Gandolfi, 2009; Burke and Greenglass, 2000). The writing recognizes three classes of individuals straightforwardly affected by scaling down, to be specific, leaders and implementers, casualties, and survivors. Given that individuals speak to an expansive part of working costs, the cutting of representative numbers appears a judicious and regular reaction.

Delayering does not really include stripping out occupations and cutting overheads. In any case, it does normally mean expanding the normal traverse of control of senior administrators inside the association. This can, essentially, hack the quantity of layers without expelling a solitary name from the finance. It includes a radical update of an association’s structure to assess late twentieth century improvements in data innovation, training and customer request. Basically, there is a straightening of the association from a monster pyramid into something more flat. It is not an anarchic refusal of the requirement for structure. Structure is as yet basic to outlining a proficient association for the 21st or some other century, and certain fundamental focuses must be viewed as: Who goes where? What do they do? What are the positions and how are they gathered? What is the detailing arrangement? What is every individual responsible for? As it were, the manner by which does the expert flows? Among the advantages guaranteed for the de-layered association are:  It needs less directors, It is less bureaucratic, It can take choices all the more rapidly, It supports advancement, It carries directors into nearer contact with the association’s clients and It produces cross-useful representatives.

Additionally research is required to set up whether the quest for a compliment association is a dynamic reaction to the weight for change. In rundown, rebuilding, delayering and cutting back are themes of extensive enthusiasm for HRM professionals. After the cutting back has played out, they will make inquiries about who lost their employments (as far as age, sexual orientation, level, pay, occupation et cetera), why, and what changes in states of mind and work practices have risen (or re-developed). HR specialists are essential to the execution of mediation procedures that will encourage the continuous rebuilding and to help limit the negative effects on money related execution; guarantee that consideration is paid to hierarchical structure, atmosphere and culture in order to reinforce learning sharing; and offer help to workers who have been adversely affected by scaling back exercises.

How Writing Services Effect on Students Daily Life and Career

Student life — while one may say that is filled with fun-filled activities, others may say how they are always buried under the rock of assignments. One might be a student going to college or high school, but there is no denying on the amount of assignments professors give.

Time to learn

In the middle of assignment and work pressure, writing services eases the pain of many. The online companies that charge students for doing their assignment act as a blessing for many and a problem for some as well.

Me and my colleagues from Writers Per Hour decided to write about pros and cons of using writing service.

Following Are the Pros and Cons You Need to Know About Writing Services


Getting High Quality Work

The writing services hire professionals from freelancing websites that hold a degree in the category they provide services in. The idea behind hiring professionals that are most of the times graduate is because of their knowledge on the particular areas. This leads to providing high quality of work that is not only perfectly researched, but also free of errors.

An Ideal Choice for Non-Native English Students

English essay writing can be a huge problem for non-native English speakers studying in English countries. The essay writing services provide the students with the opportunity of getting out of this problem — by giving a decent amount of cash, a professional can do your work and you don’t have to go through any inconvenience or trouble.

Managing Your Time

Aside from studying, students today have a number of things that need to be taken care of. Some students work part-time to pay for their college dues, while some students indulge in extra-curriculum activities that can get them scholarships or college funds. With studies and activities sledding tougher, students hire help in order to manage their time and get the job alongside as well.

Getting Additional Help and Ideas

There are a number of students who are excellent when it comes to coming up with new, innovative ideas, but cannot pen it down properly. Hiring a writing service will allow students to take help from professional who can give a shape to their thoughts. A good, experienced writing service has professional writers who can play with the ideas of a student and make an excellent written material out of it.


Students Cannot Study The Subject On Their Own

As a student will hire an individual to do all of the work, he or she will never fully understand the subject. For those who want to understand a particular subject, they need to study it themselves. Seeing that work will be done by a third person, students will never be able to understand or master the particular subject.

Paying To Get The Work Done

Everything in life comes with a cost — same is when you hire someone to do your paper or any other written material. In order to have your assignment done, you need to pay the agreed upon cost to the agency or the writer. This puts a student in the problematic situation where they have to give an amount to someone to do their paper, rather than spending their money on important needs.

Quality of Work May Depend

Largely depending on the company you choose, there are chances where you end up hiring a company that gives poor and plagiarized content. There are fake companies and writers as well — they take work from some other writer and add their own, without referencing it properly. This not just results into getting in trouble, but also effects the results and grades.

Fake and Fraud Companies

Getting your work done online is a gamble — there are chances that you pay fall as a prey for a fake, fraudulent writing company that promises to get your work done, but fail. As students are not aware, they are not just in trouble because of the assignment, but also loss their money as companies charge prior to the work.


Conclusively, it is safe to say that one may see the writing services as illegal or gamble servicing that maybe called as “cheating” by many, but it is also regarded as a helpful and useful service for a number of students. These online services also help those students who work as writers on these websites and make cash out of it.

How To Write A ToK Essay


Usually students face problems in writing TOK essays because they are tricky and require a comprehensive understanding of the area of knowledge being addressed. This guidelines provides students an easy seven step guide into writing their TOK essays without stopping and thinking how. It’s important for students to know at every point that where they stand and where they have to go next after that step. TOK essays can be complicated from the title to the hypothesis and to the conclusion. Hence, students need informal tips that can help them through their essays. 

This guide is a straight forward pathway to the way the essay is to be structured and written. It tells that the first step is getting started with a title which is most crucial for students. They need to know how to get started and how to gather their ideas for their essay. This seven step guide can help students understand the way a TOK essay is to be written and if followed well, it can help them score high. It is a strong foundation of the TOK essay and also allows students to add their own or tutor’s tips in each of the steps to go smoothly.   

TOK essay guidelines can help you instigate an area of knowledge and look at it beyond your horizon. You can gather your ideas from your class to these guidelines and come up with a title and outline that covers all the major claims and counterclaims. Once the students have followed the guide and written their essays, they should know for themselves that they have understood the areas of knowledge and presented them in their own words. This is the time for celebration when you have finally written and submitted your TOK essay.

Who Can I Pay To Critique My Paper Online?

Writing research or theoretical papers is an extremely tedious job by itself. It takes a lot of time and energy to write a paper which covers all of your desired topics and propositions precisely and accurately. It takes months and sometimes even years to achieve this feat. Imagine if writing a paper is that difficult, then how unquestionably difficult would it be to write a critique for your paper? Writing a paper and then analyzing it with unprecedented depth is an extremely difficult task.

Fortunately for you, we can take half of your workload off of you at a very reasonably cost here at Writers Per Hour. Here at Writers Per Hour, we have experience in writing critique for any kind of research papers, essays, books or articles. We have seasoned article writers, research paper writers, theoretical paper writers, thesis writers and what not! You can put your work into their hands with your full trust and you will get your article done within your prescribed time.

If you want to have an idea of the quality of our service, then we will provide you with sample papers and critiques that you can read and analyze for yourself in all the time that you desire. We make sure that you are aware that you have put your trust in the right professionals, who are experts at what they do.

We guarantee that there will be zero plagiarism in the critique and there also won’t be any sort of errors in it, because we are a professional service with seasoned and experienced writers who understand your major concerns completely. Our critique writers are professionally trained in critique writing and it is their profession, therefore if you ever go through the thought of “Who can possibly critique my paper?” then you need not worry, because Writers Per Hour is at your service.

Can I get help with writing psychology research paper?

When it comes to writing a research paper, it can get extremely challenging most of the times. From finding information on the topic of the subject to writing it yourself and from citing it to properly proofread it, sometimes it becomes a difficult task for a number of people. There is a constant need to extract data and information from the related journals and books in order to compose a paper.

If you are in the same situation and find it difficult to write your due psychology research paper, Writers Per Hour is here to save you. You can get help with psychology research paper from us – our professional writers make sure that all kinds of reliable references are properly studied and your assignment is formatted the way you want it to be.

When you come to Writers Per Hour for help in your psychology paper, you are not just paying to get your assignment done – you will be buying a complete, properly researched paper that will lead you to success.

We offer zero plagiarism and 100% satisfaction that include properly cited paper, timely delivery and properly researched paper without any errors – this is your recipe to success.

Writers Per Hour is a leading and professional psychology academic paper writing service. There is no need to worry about how you will write your paper on time when you are given the limited amount of resources and time. We provide our clients with sample papers that will prove how we work, how much we focus on quality and how well composed our papers are.

Our psychology research team holds degrees in psychology – this is to make sure that there is no compromise on the data and knowledge that is written to formulate the best papers for the students who come to us. Hire the Writers Per Hour today and get the grade you deserve!

Who Can Write My 4000 Words Essay For IB School

An IB extended essay includes a number of well-researched tasks that form a well-structured and oriented assignment. It is one of the most important components for students who are taking the International Baccalaureate Diploma program. In order to get a 4000 words essay for this degree program, students take support from professional and genuine writing services like the Writers Per Hour.

Writers Per Hour understands the nature and importance of this essay. We are aware of how to meet the requirements of an IB extended essay as well. We understand that this type of essay has a set of strict guidelines in terms of assessment and therefore, securing help for getting the job done is essential. We will help you to write 4000 words essay for IB school – you don’t have to worry about anything.

There might be a number of students who know how to successfully complete their writing task. However, there are some more students who do not even know how the start their essay. The students who are unaware and do not want to fail or get a low grade can get the benefit by hiring us, a professional writing service to do their IB school 4000 words essay.

Even if you think you are done writing your IB essay but think there needs to be some improvement, you can hire us to edit or proofread your content to give you more clarity and accuracy. On the other hand, if you are short on time and still confused on what to write, do not waste more time and hire us instantly. Our professional team of writers will complete your 4000 words urgently and there won’t be any issue either.

Having that said, once you hire Writers Per Hour, all you will do is witness how perfect our IB essays and other services are. We never leave our students disappointed.